By John S. Gilkeson
This ebook examines the intersection of cultural anthropology and American cultural nationalism from 1886, while Franz Boas left Germany for the us, until eventually 1965, while the nationwide Endowment for the arts used to be tested. 5 chapters hint the advance inside educational anthropology of the innovations of tradition, social category, nationwide personality, worth, and civilization, and their dissemination to non-anthropologists. As american citizens got here to think about tradition anthropologically, as a "complex complete" some distance broader and extra inclusive than Matthew Arnold's "the top which has been idea and said," so, too, did they arrive to work out American groups as stratified into social sessions individual via their subcultures; to characteristic the making of the yankee personality to socialization instead of delivery; to find the individuality of yank tradition in its subconscious canons of selection; and to view American tradition and civilization in a world viewpoint.
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Extra resources for Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965
On the transatlantic revolt against positivism, see H. Stuart Hughes, Consciousness and Society: The Reorientation of European Social Thought, 1800–1930, rev. ed. (New York: Vintage, 1977). 34 Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America Boas also presided over the gradual movement of anthropology out of the museum into the university – a shift accelerated by his resignation from the American Museum of Natural History in 1905 in a dispute over how anthropological specimens should be exhibited.
Stearns, preface to Civilization in the United States: An Inquiry by Thirty Americans, ed. Harold E. , New York: Penguin, 1976), 74–79. Andre´ Siegfried, America Comes of Age: A French Analysis (1927), quoted in ‘‘European vs. American Culture,’’ New Republic, 6 July 1927, 161–162; Johan Huizinga, ‘‘Life and Thought in America: Stray Remarks,’’ in America: A Dutch Historian’s Vision, from Afar and Near, trans. Herbert H. Rowen (New York: Harper, 1972), 237; Oswald Spengler, The Hour of Decision: Part One: Germany and World-Historical Evolution, trans.
Although he conceded that some races might not produce as many ‘‘great men’’ as Europeans had produced, Boas called attention to the range of individual variation within any particular race. Because of this variation, races ‘‘overlap[ped]’’ each other more than they differed. Moreover, Boas saw no reason why ‘‘low’’ aptitude for achievement would keep any race from attaining civilization. 54 After the turn of the century, Boas carried his campaign against racialist thought into the public arena.