Download Albert Schweitzer's ethical vision : a sourcebook by Predrag Cicovacki PDF

By Predrag Cicovacki

The philosophy of Albert Schweitzer has proved generally influential in sleek considering, particularly within the box of ethics. His major moral concept might be summarized within the word "reverence for all times" - specifically, that sturdy is composed in retaining and perfecting lifestyles, and evil is composed in destroying and obstructing existence. For Schweitzer, all lifestyles is sacred. Ethics therefore offers with human attitudes and behaviour towards all residing beings.
Unlike many ethical philosophers, Schweitzer argues that wisdom of human nature doesn't offer a adequate origin for any sufficient ethical thought. for this reason he bases his ethics on a lot broader foundations, articulated in his philosophy of civilization and the philosophy of faith. Schweitzer argues that the fabric element of our civilization has turn into way more very important than its non secular counterpart. Even equipped faith has positioned itself within the provider of politics and financial system, thereby wasting its energy and ethical authority.
Schweitzer's ethics of reverence for all times, argues Predrag Cicovacki, bargains a practicable replacement at a time while conventional moral theories are discovered insufficient. Schweitzer's powerful and un-dogmatic idealism may well supply the easiest antidote to the present relativism and nihilism of the postmodern epoch. His moral imaginative and prescient directs us towards a brand new method of establishing a extra simply and extra peaceable global. accumulating 16 of Schweitzer's greatest essays, this quantity serves as a compelling advent to this extraordinary philosopher and humanist.

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Yet did his confidence “in the power of truth and of the spirit” entitle Schweitzer to assert that truth and spirit will triumph in the world? Our optimism may be rationally “groundless” and “unfounded,” but it is not irrational and illusory if we think that the ethics of reverence for life, when taken seriously and applied widely, may help our civilization recuperate. Yet, whether the truth and the spirit will triumph, whether our planet will ever turn into the Kingdom of God, no ethical view that aspires toward any respectability can assert.

So far as is possible, it fits in with monism. The confusion in modern European thought has its origin in the fact that dualism wears the cloak of monism and monism gets its worldview from dualism. In India, again, monistic mysticism has to make concessions to dualism in measure as it assumes an ethical and world- and life-affirming character. It does this in such a way that it passes from the Brahmanic mysticism of being merged in the original source of Being into the Hindu mysticism of loving self-surrender to the one and only God.

His prescription also pointed in the right direction. His main mistake consisted in underestimating how vastly more complicated civilization is than an individual patient, and, consequently, how vastly more complex it is to cure an entire civilization. Schweitzer’s prescription appears good for the initial stages of the treatment, but it unquestionably demands supplementation. Despite his plans and efforts, Schweitzer did not succeed in completing his ethics of reverence for life. Thus, we must appraise this ethical outlook as Schweitzer left it.

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