By Stephan Fuchs
I have had Stephan Fuchs for 2 sessions on the collage of Virginia. not just is he a very good professor, but additionally an exceptional author. opposed to Essentialism provides his perspectives on cultural platforms in as transparent a fashion as is feasible given the complexity of the topic. this can be a publication that are meant to be required studying for sociology classes, yet is perhaps a bit deep if you have by no means taken a social idea direction.
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Additional info for Against Essentialism: A Theory of Culture and Society
Since the proletariat experiences this deeper level firsthand, it can see through ideological fabrications and advance, with a little help from its intellectual friends, the truth of historical materialism against the ideological fictions of bourgeois liberalism. Classical Marxist theory splits into three separate strands. The first is Hegelian Critical Theory, which equates ideology with instrumental and administrative reason and the “repressive desublimation” (Marcuse 1964:56–58) of late capitalist culture industries.
That distinction is its world; an immune system has no other, and cannot react to anything that could not be classified as falling on either side of that distinction. Without this organism, this particular distinction would not occur in the world, which is why “environment” is not something apart and outside of an organism or system, but the interaction between an observer and its segment of the world, or niche. A niche is just the variable interaction between an observer and that which he observes.
An important part of the observational niche is other related observations, including past (memory) and present observations. Within an observer, observations are bundled, in many different ways, into clusters (Chokr 1993). These carve out themes or topics. A theme or topic occurs not by itself, but as the outcome of actual couplings and networkings. Coupling is contingent, not necessary, and so can be done in different ways. Observations connected in clusters of related observations “cohere” to varying extents.