By Brian Rappert, Caitriona McLeish
Web of Prevention offers a well timed contribution to the present debate approximately lifestyles technology study and its implications for safeguard. it really is an informative consultant for either specialists and the general public. it's a forward-looking contribution masking either ends of the equation and creates momentum for the present dialogue on potent preventive measures and powerful regulate measures. whereas there are not any promises for fighting misuse, there are still an important steps the area neighborhood can take in the direction of the overarching objective of an international community for the existence sciences. This booklet sheds mild on concrete steps towards the fulfillment of this useful target.
"This ebook with its choice of essays presents an in-depth research of some of the jointly reinforcing components that jointly create and enhance an internet of prevention - or of coverage - that's important to make sure that the advances within the existence sciences are usually not misused to reason damage. All these engaged within the existence sciences and in coverage making in governments world wide should still learn this publication to allow them to take steps to reinforce the internet fighting organic weapons".
From the Foreword by way of Dr Gabriele Kraatz-Wadsack, leader, guns of Mass Destruction department, workplace for Disarmament Affairs, United Nations.
"Since September eleven, 2001 in lots of nations renewed awareness has been given to how learn within the lifestyles sciences may inadvertently or deliberately facilitate the improvement of organic or chemical guns. This cutting-edge quantity examines the complete volume of the problems and debates. assurance contains an summary of contemporary medical achievements in virology, microbiology, immunology and genetic engineering that allows you to asking how they could facilitate the construction of guns of mass destruction through kingdom, sub-state or terrorist companies. attention is given to what we've got and have not discovered from the previous. utilizing either educational research and reflections by means of practitioners, the publication examines the security-inspired governance regimes for the lifestyles sciences which are lower than improvement. finally the authors learn what's required to shape a entire and manageable net of prevention and spotlight the significance of encouraging discussions among scientists, coverage makers and others in regards to the governance of significant yet probably harmful research".
Dr Graham S. Pearson, traveling Professor of overseas safeguard, collage of Bradford, united kingdom and formerly Director-General, Chemical and organic Defence institution, united kingdom
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Additional resources for A web of prevention : biological weapons, life sciences and the governance of research
Similarly, Corneliussen (2006) questions the value of self-regulatory codes of conduct unless they are accompanied by other measures, including mandated regulatory measures that are backed by sanctions and real threats of serious penalties. The scientific community increasingly recognizes that science itself is not a value-free activity and that the choice of what research to undertake and how to undertake it must be governed by ethical principles. But there is still a nucleus of scientists who oppose that concept, arguing that there must be no restrictions on the search for new knowledge and that ethical principles only become relevant in the application of that knowledge.
Yet France reserved the right to arm itself with biological weapons for retaliatory purposes (Guillemin, 2006), invoking the biblical concept of ‘an eye for an eye’. The Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) of 1972, however, is exceptional in having established an absolute ban on biological warfare and the development of biological weapons (States Parties to the Convention, 1972). We could regard these prohibitions as a contemporary example of the ancient concept of a taboo. A taboo is one side of a coin; the other side is the sacred.
Reflecting the complexity of countering biological weapons and the rise of networks in other areas of international relations, in 2006 the UN SecretaryGeneral proposed the creation of: 3213 J&J A Web of Prevention 8 31/8/07 2:40 pm Page 8 A Web of Prevention … a forum that will bring together the various stakeholders – Governments, industry, science, public health, security, the public writ large – into a common program, built from the bottom up, to ensure that biotechnology’s advances are used for the public good and that the benefits are shared equitably around the world.