By Philip Selznick
Delivering a capstone to Philip Selznick's influential physique of scholarly paintings, A Humanist Science insightfully brings to gentle the value-centered nature of the social sciences. The paintings essentially demanding situations the intended separation of truth and price, and argues that human values belong to the area of truth and are the resource of the beliefs that govern social and political associations. via demonstrating the shut connection among the social sciences and the arts, Selznick unearths how the tools of the social sciences spotlight and enhance the research of such values as health, prosperity, rationality, and self-government.
The booklet strikes from the animating ideas that make up the humanist culture to the values which are principal to the social sciences, reading the middle teachings of those disciplines with appreciate to the ethical concerns at stake. through the paintings, Selznick calls realization to the stipulations that impact the emergence, attention, and decline of human values, providing a beneficial source for students and scholars of legislations, sociology, political technology, and philosophy.
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Extra info for A Humanist Science: Values and Ideals in Social Inquiry
Herbert Spencer found progressive social evolution in the increasing complexity, differentiation, and reintegration of society. For Karl Marx social progress was rooted in economic circumstances, especially in the means of production. An increasing concentration of capital, together with advances in technology and organization, would create social conditions favoring class struggle and a socialist outcome. Nineteenth-century anthropologists found evolutionary patterns in facts detached from their contexts and arranged according to preconceived stages of development.
Elementary discipline and deferred gratification are then enhanced and transformed. At issue is the kind of security or discipline, not its elementary forms. Since at least the seventeenth century, a state-centered system of deference and obligation has dominated public affairs. Although sovereign nations have been recognized as masters of their internal affairs, From Social Order to Moral Order 49 they are subject to treaties they have made and to customs they share. A nation’s right to be, for example, a monarchy, democracy, or theocracy is accepted, but the right to engage in aggression or terrorism is not.
But glory could be found in scientific exploration. The new learning brought in its train a wealth of inventions and discoveries. This encouraged eighteenth- and nineteenth-century thinkers to envision a new science of mankind, one that would emulate natural philosophy by discovering the laws that govern man and society. Philosophers would dare to learn what “nature” allows and what it compels. God was not forgotten, but His will, it was thought, was not arbitrary or inscrutable. Divinity was found in an orderly nature; and humans were ennobled by uncovering the secrets of the cosmos.