By Walter William Rouse Ball
For hundreds of years, Cambridge college has attracted the various world's maximum mathematicians. This 1889 ebook offers a compelling account of the way arithmetic constructed at Cambridge from the center a long time to the overdue 19th century, from the point of view of a number one student dependent at Trinity university who used to be heavily curious about educating the topic. The achievements of amazing participants together with Newton and his institution are set within the context of the heritage of the college, its occasionally uneasy dating with town group, the school approach, and the starting place and development of the mathematical tripos.
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Extra info for A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge
Cooper, two vols. Cambridge, 1858 and 1863. To save repetition I may say here, once for all, that the accounts of the lives and writings of such of the mathematicians as are mentioned in the earlier part of this chapter and who died before 1609 are founded on the biographies contained in the Athenae Cantabrigienses. 16 THE MATHEMATICS OF THE EENAISSANCE. subtraction, and equality. There are faint traces of his having used the two former as symbols of operation and not as mere abbreviations. The sign = for equality was his invention.
Magini Secunda Mobilia. Mercatoris Chronologia. Plinii Hist. Naturalis. Ptolemsei Magnum Opus. Regiomontani Epitome. Torquetum. — Observata. Rheinoldi Tab. Prutenicae. Comm. in Theor. PurbachiL Theonis Comm. in Ptolom. Tyc. Brahaei Progymnasmata. Epist. Astron. Waltheri Observata. This list probably represents the most advanced astronomical reading of the Cambridge of that time. In spite of his early death Horrox did more to improve the lunar theory than any Englishman before Newton ; and in particular he was the first to shew that the lunar orbit might be exactly represented by an ellipse, provided an oscillatory motion were given to the apse line and the eccentricity made to vary.
He lectured first at le Mans, and afterwards at Paris; at the latter he founded the first chair of mathematics. Besides some works on philosophy he wrote treatises on arithmetic, algebra, geometry (founded on Euclid), astronomy (founded on the works of Copernicus), and physics which were long regarded on the continent as the standard text-books on these subjects. They are collected in an edition of his works published at Bale in 1569. Cambridge became the chief centre for the Kamistic doctrines, and was apparently frequented by foreign students who desired to learn his logic and system of philosophy: see vol.